Physical rehabilitation, adapts human physical therapy techniques to animals in order to increase function and mobility of joints and muscles. Veterinary rehab therapies can reduce pain and enhance recovery from injury, surgery, degenerative diseases, age-related diseases, and obesity. Techniques used include manual therapies such as joint mobilizations, therapeutic stretches, and massage, as well as modalities such as laser, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation. Physio balls and discs, therapy bands, and cavaletti poles are often used in targeted exercise programs to increase strength, balance, and coordination. All dogs from senior citizens to canine athletes can benefit from a rehab program.